This study features “rudimentary plays of Jingju （Peking Opera） 京劇開蒙戲,” exploring the arrangement of repertoire in the basic education of Jingju. The rudimentary plays handed down by generations have its importance and continuity in context of heritage. The narrow sense of rudimentary plays only means the first repertoire learnt by Jingju beginners, whereas the broad sense means all basic groups of repertoire for actor training. Based on fieldwork at theatre colleges, interviews with Jingju actors, literatures and biographies, this study sorts out the context of heritage since the early period of Keban 科班（old-type opera school）, discussing the procedure of Jingju learning, analyzing the context and the varying factors of rudimentary plays, and the evolution of basic education of Jingju actors through the evolution of rudimentary plays of all roles and the teaching materials from Keban to modern theatre schools.
The first three chapters introduce the forty-four years’ educational experience of the Keban of Fu Lian Cheng 富連成科班, the succession from Jingju Kebans of the 19th century, and the operating model that Fu Lian Cheng has established. Then, this study introduces the circumstances of education, the rudimentary plays and its evolution of Jingju vocational schools such as National Taiwan College of Performing Arts, National Academy of Chinese Theatre Arts （Beijing）, Beijing Opera Arts College, and Shanghai Chinese Opera School. In the latter three chapters, this study introduces the evolution of rudimentary plays of all sorts of roles, including Sheng 生（male role）, Dan 旦（female role）, Jing淨（painted face male role）, and Chou丑（clown role）. Training content and teaching materials in practical education are also introduced. Then, this study tries to figure out common characteristics and the factors of alternativeness among these repertoires by analyzing the posture training provided in these rudimentary plays. With research on rudimentary plays of Jingju, this study, as a record of processing model of performing arts and cultural heritage, hopes to be beneficial to the methods of modern Jingju education and the compilation of teaching materials.