;Aboriginal and Hakka intermarriage and ethnic identity
─ A Case Study of the former mountain of Fusing Township
The study is to inquiry the local living situation of Hakka and other ethnic people in the Fusing Township, Taoyuan County, and the impact of intermarriage for ethnic identity. Fusing Township is the only mountain Township in Taoyuan County and the early residence for the Atayal people. Han Reclamation brought a lo of change in Fusing Township and also changed the living habits and beliefs of Atayal people. Therefore, current Fusing township is already a multi-ethnic and complicated society。
The geography and history of Fuxing Township have a great difference from other towns inTaoyuan County. There aremountains, Alpine terrain terraces, and a lot of river terraces. Tahan River is across the entire village, and so is Shimen Reservoir. They have greatly affected Residents’ living and traffic, so Fusing Township has long been unable to have further development. What the reclamation of Han Chinese has brought to Fuxing Township is bustling or nightmare?!
The construction of Shimen Reservoir not only has had an impact on the choices of resident places of rural Atayal aborigines and Han Chinese in Fuxing Township but also on living style and religious beliefs, and it even has changed the extent of the Sacrifice Circle and beliefs circle, so "village temple",originally belonging to the larger village, became the smaller angle head.
Most aboriginal Atayal in Fuxing Township believe Christianity, while the Han Chinese believe Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. The former mountain of Fusing Township has three templeres, and they are all for the King of Zhangzhou, but three official Great and Emperor Shennong, who Hakkas worshiped more are just at the vice position. Fusing Township was formerly part of the Daxi town, and its reclamation has a close relationship to Dasi. The most important areas of reclamation in Dasi is the west river, Puding. The Renhe temple in Puding is the local religious center, and it has a very important impact on the rural Han Chinese in Fuxing Township. Besides, Fuxing temple is the original one in Eminem Ping. Aboriginal Atayal believe the single god of Christianity, which is closer to its traditional Aboriginal beliefs, and it was accepted more.
In Fusing Township, regardless of the ethnic groups, in fact, there is not much difference between the rural and plain people in life. Hakkas had arrived at Ho-Wen Ping during Qing Dynasty. They were initially "ai-yong", and later they harvested camphor and made camphor products.
In order to encourage the efficient use of the land, Japanese set up a "Mitsui ho ming company " ,bought tea from farmers, and made black tea for sale abroad; after the Japanese leaving, the national government took over the business, and finally it became private.
Although the company had changed, farmers were still the same. The Hakka people have cultivated on the rural land since one hundred years ago, and has never been absent. Their lifestyle not only affected Aboriginal, but also were affected by them. Today, "Former Hill" in Fusing township has been absolutely ethnic-mixed society, and it is similar to a "city" on low land.
Keywords: Hakka, aboriginal, Atayal, Fusing Township, the former Hill, intermarriage, identity