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|Title: ||劇場職業災害風險管理;Risk Management of Theater Occupational Accidents|
|Issue Date: ||2014-10-15 15:30:13 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||摘 要：|
In the history of theater performance art in Taiwan most relevant personnel exist in the form of freelancers, workshops or a small company with no more than five people. As a result, this business is so weak that its employment right can hardly be protected. With the unique business model of non-profitable operation, the relationships between the employees and employers are identified ambiguously and hard in the theater performance art. Meanwhile, temporary employers or performance groups are unfamiliar with the regulations of Labor Law. Due to the limited budget and insufficient knowledge of risk management, both employees and employers will live in despair,when occupational accidents happen. They are unable to apply for any compensation on their injuries, or when the temporary employers need to pay a huge amount of compensation for sudden occupational accidents of their theaters.
Among all of the theater technicians, freelancers surprisingly occupy 60 percent, who do not even have the social security insurance – labor insurance. However, they have applied several times to set up the Union of Theater Performance Art for more than twenty years but have been rejected by the authorities. In the occasionally heard occupational accidents, our Ministry of Culture has ignored the theater occupational casualties which happened constantly, but none of any relevant ministries (such as the Ministry of Culture and the Ministry of Labor) takes any initiative to make any organizational adjustment and to figure out any measures for policy improvement. Therefore, it is expected that this study can help enhance the theater labor risk management and reduce the chance of casualties.
First, this study focuses on case studies in which several experienced personnel’s occupational casualties in this industry were widely collected and stage working characteristics were explored. Second, several cases were picked and sampled from the information of the interviewed occupational accidents. In-depth interviews were also undertaken to identify the staff’s plight they encountered. Theater risk management policies are desperately needed when they encounter occupational accidents. Furthermore, it is expected that establishing theater labor safety management and coming up with suggestions on risk management can efficiently control and improve occupational casualties, in order to construct a safe and friendly working environment. The concluded suggestions of this study are made as follows:
1. Establish the labor union for sound protection of the personnel’s employment right.
2. Enforce insurance on the personnel who receives government subsidies as a group or in performance to secure both employees’ and employers’ rights.
3. Give an impetus to vocational skill certification to advance personnel’s expertise and quality.
4. Make the laws of theater management and enforce the Labor Safety and Management Law by phases: (1) law promotion; (2) organizational trial execution; (3) enforcement and implementation.
5. Build up the risk management system of occupational accidents for the theater safety to make the management system sound and complete prior to casualties, when casualties occur as well as after casualties.
6. Set up the notification system of theater occupational accidents, in an attempt to conduct work corrections or environmental improvement by means of scientific management.
7. Carry out labor safety education and arrange the general education curriculum to strengthen the personnel’s awareness of safety education.
Keywords: Theater Safety, Occupational Accident, Risk Management, Labor Union, Certification
|Appears in Collections:||[財務金融研究所] 博碩士論文|
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