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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/65469


    Title: 2000至2012年間台灣各級教育報酬率之估計並兼論台灣高等教育學院別教育報酬之差異;Economic Returns to Education in Taiwan During 2000 - 2012
    Authors: 黃鴻儒;Huang,Hong-Ru
    Contributors: 產業經濟研究所
    Keywords: 教育報酬;教育擴張;Return to Education;Expansion of Higher Education
    Date: 2014-08-29
    Issue Date: 2014-10-15 15:32:08 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 本文目的為探討台灣地區2000年至2012年間教育因素對薪資所得的影響,資料來源為行政院主計總處所提供之「人力運用擬-追蹤調查資料庫」原始資料,並以三年為一選擇,故取2000年、2003年、2006年、2009年以及2012年等五個年度的數據作為本研究的觀察年份。本研究可分成兩階段,第一階段先探討教育擴張對各級教育所得之影響,第二階段則針對教育背景為研究所之族群,進行學院間的報酬分析與比較。本文得到的實證結果如下:
    研究發現在產業結構未有明顯改變的情況下,隨著因教育擴張所造成高等勞動供給的增加,將對個人薪資收入的部分產生負向之影響,表示教育寬鬆政策並無法讓人們所得獲得改善,只會使勞動者的可工作年數下降。此外,雖然高學歷者的實質薪資下跌幅度最為嚴重,但因排擠效果使其教育報酬率不受影響,表示不管教育政策如何改變,都應該選擇繼續升學。最後,針對學院別的選擇進行探討,在選擇以年增教育報酬率極大值的研究所作為最終學歷時,實證結果發現此時學院報酬最高的學院為法學院,其次為醫學院,表示以往當人們在選擇科系就讀時,通常會優先選擇醫、法相關科系,造成其入取分數相較於其他科系來得高,經實證分析後,發現此選擇為理智的抉擇。
    ;The research is mainly about income analysis based on people′s educational background during 2000-2012 in Taiwan. The data source used here were the National Survey of Manpower Utilization Quasi-Longitudinal Survey (MUQLS). Data was selected for every third year since the year 2000. Therefore, the data years are 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009 and 2012. There are two goals in my research. First, the purpose of my research is to explore the impacts of higher educational expansion on income of people with different educational attainments. Second, this thesis aims to analyze whether and to what extent graduate school majors affect personal wages. The empirical results can be summarized as follows.
    Under the condition in which overall economic structure has not significantly changed, the expansion policy of higher education resulted in an increase of university and graduate level workers in the labor market, which then produced a downward pressure on real wages for these workers. This implies that educational expansion does not improve income, only reducing the number of viable working years. Moreover, although people with higher education saw the most severe decline in real wages, their rate of return on education are not affected because of crowding out effect. It can be concluded that no matter how education policy has changed, higher education is still an attractive option. Finally, in the case when graduate school represents the highest educational attainment, School of Law has the highest rate of return on education, followed by School of Medicine. Therefore, it is logical that people choose these fields as their preferred areas of study.
    Appears in Collections:[產業經濟研究所] 博碩士論文

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