細胞牽引力顯微術是藉由擷取包埋於在彈性平面基質中的標定粒子影像得到基質形變，並藉數學方法解出基質形變與表面應力的關係，而將基質形變計算得應力。細胞牽引力顯微術的測量增進了人們在細胞黏著及細胞遷移的了解。在過去大多的細胞牽引力顯微術只考慮牽引力中剪應力分量，但近年來少數研究顯示細胞在平面基質上造成的牽引力中正向應力仍不應被忽略。本論文發展了一新式三維細胞牽引力顯微術。我們測試兩種不同包埋標定粒子方式的細胞牽引力顯微術基質：一為聚丙烯醯胺，為目前最常使用的一種基質；一為在聚丙烯醯胺中加入另一含羧基的單體，使蛋白質可以與基質鍵結。我們意外發現新基質材料可將標定粒子集中於基質表面，而形成一單層。這近乎二維分佈的單層標定粒子在細胞牽引力顯微術上提供了額外的優勢，使得在擷取以及分析資料上更加簡化。基於這新式牽引力顯微術，我們成功觀測到在點狀黏著附近細胞牽引力細部上的分佈。;Traction force microscopy (TFM) on a flat elastic substrate was carried out by imaging the deformation of elastic substrate through imaging marker particles embedded inside the substrate. The deformation was later converted into stress through some mathematical techniques to solve the relationship between surface stress and deformation of an elastic substrate. In the past, most TFM only considers shear traction stress. TFM measurement has advanced people knowledge on cell adhesions and migrations. Recently a handful of groups showed that the normal traction stress exerted by a cell on a flat substrate is not negligible compared with the shear traction stress. In this thesis, we also developed a novel three-dimensional traction force microscopy (TFM). I tested two kinds of TFM substrates embedded with marker particles for image: one is the mostly commonly used polyacrylamide substrate and the other is to incorporate additional monomer containing acrylic acid group for the purpose to improve protein conjugation. Surprisingly we found the new substrate offers additional advantage – a concentrated monolayer of marker particles near the surface. The almost two-dimensional distribution of marker particles simplify data acquisition and analysis. Based on the novel TFM, I successfully observed detailed traction stress pattern around cellular focal adhesions.