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|Title: ||公共工程減價收受之訴訟爭議案例分析;A Study on Litigation Cases of Acceptance with Price-Reduction in Public Construction Projects|
|Issue Date: ||2015-09-23 15:13:35 (UTC+8)|
本研究整理案例判決結果與專家訪談後，提出5項契約面以及3項執行面之改善建議。在契約方面，甲乙雙方於訂約時，明訂減價及違約金總額上限規定之文字敘述、載明是否加計間接費用、條列計算方式以及採用通用詞彙。在執行方面，廠商應確實依約施作，有給付不能、原設計不當等情況時立即反映；機關則應謹守減價收受要件、原則，留意請求權時效，並加強履約過程之監督。本研究之成果可供相關單位參考，期使減價收受制度更趨公平、合理、有效，減少爭議之產生。;The second paragraph of Article 72 of the Government Procurement Act states that “an acceptance with price-reduction may be conducted under conditions,” which shows it is one of the discretionary rights of the government agency during the handover stage. The purposes of this article are to save unnecessary waste or to promote efficiency of the procurement. However, many agencies tend not to apply this article by insisting strict standards even when the conditions are obviously applicable, or until dispute resolution processes are completed. Construction disputes often arise from such cases.
This research collected 102 litigation cases which were related to “acceptance with price-reduction” in public construction projects from a litigation database retrieval system of the Judicial Yuan. Case analyses reveal that certain procurements with less contract amount having sentence results not highly maintained if appealed. The most often seen cases can be categorized into five types: applicability, responsibility, reduction amount, penalty, and others. In addition, the price-reduction ranges between 2% and 6 times of the amount of non-conformity, in which one time is the majority. As for the penalty, it ranges from 10% to 6 times of the reduction amount; while 6 times or none with price reduction, are the most common ones.
This research proposed 5 and 3 suggestions for improvements from contractual and executive aspects, respectively. From the contractual aspect, it is recommended that maximum price-reduction amount, maximum penalty, related indirect costs, and tabulated calculation be clearly stated, and only common words be used instead of litigation vocabulary. For the executive aspect, the contractor should comply with the drawings and specifications, and should be responsive if difficulties arise; the government agency should follow the article when applicable, minding the statute of limitations, and enforcing supervision during contractual performance. These research results can serve as useful references to both the contractors and the government agencies to reduce disputes and to achieve a fair, reasonable, and effective environment when applying the “price-reduction” article.
|Appears in Collections:||[營建管理研究所 ] 博碩士論文|
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