;The most important factor for a country to improve its industrialization level is its ability to provide rich enough human resource for vocational education, which is the main way to build up a base to develop technical talents. The goal of cooperative education is to seek the best choice to improve both the "quality" of human resource and "quantity" of expansion. Under Japanese colonial period, the colonial government designed the prototype of cooperative education, which was coordinated with the colonial policy, using “work-study”, “internship” and “train-for” patterns of labor training to foster skilled workers in “factories as schools”, in order to exploit Taiwan′s economic resources. After the World War II, due to the republic government’s financial difficulty, cooperative education in early post-war Taiwan declined accordingly. As a result, vocational education and nation-building became disconnected with each other.
Since the United States began to aid Taiwan, it has been recommended to reconstruct the system of cooperative education, in order both to revitalize the industrial economic and to enhance the level of industrial technology manpower. Therefore, on the one hand, state-owned enterprises could be helped to buy more equipment, and on the other hand, the reform of vocational education could be caught up to offer study-workers significant resources. Besides, a bridge for communication or contact platform between eight provincial industrial high schools (IHSs) and state-owned enterprises could be built. Meanwhile, it delivered the cooperative education, assisted eight provincial IHSs to connect with the structure of industrial production by developing new cooperative-education relationships, which included building up a system of internship, cooperative selection, train-for team, practical skill center, and fellowship or scholarship. Among the eight provincial IHSs that had been assisted with and supervised under US Aid, Taichung IHS, Kaohsiung IHS, and Tainan IHS, showed themselves more successful than the rest, in terms of their cooperative-educational task. With US Aid’s assistance, cooperative education in Taiwan became more improved in cooperative patterns. After the US Aid went to an end, Taiwan continues to develop new cooperative education model which not only effectively improves human resource but also enhances the ability of skilled workers’ technical capacity to revitalize the economy.