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    题名: 利用Android系統開發可攜式語音診斷與復健系統;Development of an Android-based speech diagnosis and rehabilitation system
    作者: 吳柏葦;Wu,Po-Wei
    贡献者: 電機工程學系
    关键词: Android;構音障礙;智慧型裝置;復健;語音分析;聲譜;頻譜
    日期: 2015-12-30
    上传时间: 2016-01-05 19:17:50 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: 摘要
    「語言」是人類重要交際的工具之一,近年來構音障礙患者逐年攀升,對於人際溝通是嚴重的阻礙。隨著科技的發展,行動裝置的使用愈來愈普遍,若能把語音診斷、復健應用在日常生活上的行動裝置,將可對患者及語言治療師有相當大的幫助。因此,本研究目的是以Android系統為平台開發一套語音診斷復健系統,利用行動裝置內建的麥克風進行錄音,透過本系統的使用者介面,來分析正常語音及構音障礙個案的語音訊號,提供給語言治療師語音波形、頻譜、聲譜等資訊來觀察比對,讓構音障礙者在言語上的診斷及復健訓練,有更大的治療效果。
    本研究利用本實驗室先前與台北榮民總醫院所合作錄製個案的語音資料,透過快速傅立葉轉換 (Fast Fourier Transform, FFT) 及線性預測編碼 (Linear Predictive Coding, LPC) 的聲學量化方法,將語音的時域訊號量化再透過圖形及數據的方式來呈現語音相關的診斷資訊。本研究針對所錄製的中文母音/ㄚ/、/一/、/ㄨ/、/ㄝ/、/ㄛ/以及子音/ㄍ/、/ㄎ/、/ㄏ/、/ㄐ/、/ㄑ/、/ㄒ/、/ㄓ/、/ㄔ/、/ㄕ/來做比較,探討正常語音與構音障礙者之間的差異性,藉由母音共振峰的觀察以及子音在聲譜上的能量分佈,來判別構音障礙者的發音是否正確,從比較結果顯示,使用者可以透過本研究系統能夠觀察出構音障礙者發音的問題所在,除此之外,構音障礙患者也可以運用本系統作自主語音訓練。
    為了評估本系統的正確性、功能性及實用性,我們將本研究的分析結果和Praat系統以及本研究室先前利用電腦的Matlab軟體所發展之可見式語音診斷及復健系統,做使用者介面、介面功能、方法以及整體系統比較。從比較結果發現,本研究在雙語音輸入介面上做語音比對,比起Praat系統要來的更適合作為診斷語音的工具,亦可利用本系統來呈現語音訓練復健前後的成效。此外,本研究將語音診斷與復健系統改良為輕量且擁有攜帶的功能,並且可以在智慧型手機、平板上使用,相較於以電腦的Matlab軟體所發展之可見式語音診斷及復健系統以及Praat系統要來的便利許多。因此,無論在治療師的攜帶診斷上或是患者的自主訓練的方便性,都具有相當大的幫助。
    本論文所開發的語音診斷及復健系統可以在行動裝置上呈現正常語音與構音障礙個案之間的差異,讓語言治療師在臨床診斷上,運用此系統作為診斷及評估的工具,了解構音障礙者的發音狀況,提供患者更完善的訓練復健工具。
    ;Abstract
    Language is one of the most important communication tool. Recently, patients with articulatory disorders are increasing year by year and causing problems in their communication with other people. Mobile devices, such as smart phone and tablet PC, become more common as the development of technology advances. It would be a great help for patients and speech therapists if we could apply our mobile devices for speech diagnosis and rehabilitation. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop an Android-based speech diagnosis and rehabilitation system which could be used to record and compare the speech signals from the normal speaker and the patient with articulation disorder via the user interface. In this user interface, the clinical users could compare these two signals in the forms of speech signal, spectrum, spectrogram, and the fundamental frequency to provide a quantitative analysis for the speech therapist and greater therapeutic effect for patients with articulatory disorders.

    In this study, we analyzed and compared speech recordings, including Chinese vowel and consonants, from the previous cooperative hospital with fast Fourier transform, linear predictive coding and other acoustic quantitative methods to provide useful speech-related diagnostic graphic information. Our results showed that clinical users could observe the difference between normal and disordered speech through our research system with differences in the first three formant frequencies for vowel and energy distribution in the spectrograms for consonants. In addition, patients with articulatory disorders could also use our system for self-training and -learning.

    In order to evaluate the validity, functionality and usefulness of our system, we compared the results of our system with the Praat system and the visible voice diagnosis and rehabilitation system which was previously developed with Matlab in our lab. In summary, the Android-based speech diagnosis and rehabilitation system could show the differences between normal and disordered speech on the mobile devices. The speech therapists could use our system as a diagnostic and assessment tool in the clinical settings, and provide patients with articulatory disorders a better training and rehabilitation tool.
    显示于类别:[電機工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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