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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/69487


    Title: 數位議論圖學習策略與認知風格對國小六年級論說文閱讀理解之成效;Effects of a Computer-Assisted Argument Mapping Learning Strategy and Cognitive Styles on Sixth Grade Students’ Argumentative Essay Reading Comprehension
    Authors: 江侊紘;Chiang,Kuang-Hung
    Contributors: 資訊工程學系
    Keywords: 議論構圖;圖形組織;閱讀理解;論說文;Argument mapping;Graphic organization;Reading comprehension;Argumentative essay
    Date: 2016-01-28
    Issue Date: 2016-03-17 20:45:09 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 何種圖形策略可以提高論說文閱讀理解能力在目前的文獻中尚未解決,為了確定圖形策略是否能提升學生的閱讀理解能力,我們設計了一個建構圖形策略的電腦輔助論說文閱讀理解系統。系統中的三種方法,分別為沒有圖形策略的傳統教學、概念構圖和議論構圖方法,用來判斷圖形策略對於學生論說文理解能力的影響。此外,所提出的議論構圖系統可以幫助學生找出三個論說文關鍵要素,分別為論點、理由和證據,使學生在較少認知負荷的情況下建構議論圖。所設計的議論構圖系統可以幫助學生學會如何輕鬆地閱讀論說文並提高閱讀理解能力。
    國小六年級373個學生的實驗結果表示,議論構圖、傳統教學和概念構圖的方法相比,議論構圖方法能夠提高學生的論說文閱讀理解能力。統計結果顯示組間差異有統計學顯著差異(議論構圖和傳統教學組p=0.001,而議論構圖和概念圖組p=0.013)。另外,將議論構圖組學生依照認知風格量表的得分,高於平均數者歸類為視覺傾向,反之則為語文傾向。比較兩個類型樣本的進步分數(後側-前側),實施t檢定,t= -1.534,p=0.148,未達顯著差異。表示議論構圖方法對不同認知風格學生的論說文閱讀理解成效都有幫助,而不限於某一種類型認知風格的學生。
    ;Numerous studies have proved that graphic strategies, such as graphic organization and concept mapping, can facilitate improving reading comprehension. However, the question as to what graphic strategies can improve argumentative essay reading comprehension ability is not yet resolved.
    To determine whether graphic strategies can improve students’ reading, we designed a computer-aided argumentative essay reading system that can construct graphic strategies. In the designed system, three approaches, namely a traditional teaching approach without graphic strategies, concept mapping, and argument mapping, are created for determining the effects of graphic strategies on students’ argumentative essay reading comprehension ability. In addition, the proposed argument mapping system provides a function for helping students identify three key argumentative essay elements, namely claims, reasons, and evidence, to enable them to construct an argument map with no burden. The designed system can help students learn how to read argumentative essays easily, improving their reading comprehension ability.
    The experimental results from 373 sixth graders showed that the argument mapping method enhanced students’ argumentative essay reading comprehension ability compared with traditional and concept mapping approaches. Statistical results revealed that between-group differences were statistically significant (p value between the experimental and Control Group 1 was 0.001 and that between the experimental and Control Group 2 was 0.013). In addition, we also conduct t test for deriving the gain scores for visual oriented and language oriented students according to the scale of cognitive styles. The results of t=-1.534 and p=.127 indicate no significant difference between them. As results, it indicates that the argument mapping method will not result in noticeable difference between students with different cognitive styles.
    Appears in Collections:[資訊工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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