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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/70345

    Title: 外人直接投資與政府的策略性汙染稅;Strategic Pollution Tax in the Presence of Foreign Direct Investment
    Authors: 黃人萱,;Huang,Ren-syuan
    Contributors: 經濟學系
    Keywords: 外人直接投資;汙染稅;社會福利;foreign direct investment;pollution tax;social welfare
    Date: 2016-03-28
    Issue Date: 2016-06-04 12:53:40 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 本文旨在討論當生產造成環境汙染且廠商間生產效率不對等下,外人直接投資 (foreign direct investment, FDI) 對本國政府之最適汙染稅的影響。且於此最適汙染稅下,外國廠商如何決策是否來本國外人直接投資。本文假設市場上有兩家廠商,一為本國,一為外國。兩家廠商進行 Cournot 數量競爭。
    ;In this paper, we analyze the effect of foreign direct investment (FDI) on government’s optimal pollution tax in the presence of pollution and asymmetric efficiency between firms. And how foreign firm decide its foreign direct investment strategy under the particular pollution tax. We use a two-country setting (home and foreign) share game model. Each country has one firm, and two firms engage in Cournot competition.
    We show that when two firms are efficiency asymmetric, if marginal cost of foreign is higher than home firm, home government will strategically raise its optimal pollution tax to prevent foreign firm from doing foreign direct investment under higher marginal pollution. On the contrary, if marginal cost of foreign is lower than home firm, home government will strategically raise its optimal pollution tax to shift the profit from foreign firm to home country under higher marginal pollution. At this time, foreign firm will monopoly the home market. When fixed cost of the foreign direct investment decrease, home government will strategically reduce its optimal pollution tax to keep both firms in the market.
    After generalizing this model, we found that as the amount of firms in home country increasing, due to the decreasing marginal revenue of foreign firm, optimal pollution tax will star decrease and then return to increase. What we have found above are different to the related reference in the past.
    Appears in Collections:[經濟研究所 ] 博碩士論文

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