與工業4.0息息相關的網宇實體系統 (Cyber-Physical System, CPS)日漸發展成熟。有別於之前強調內嵌式系統之間的整合與機器運算能力，CPS更為強調各個實體裝置、電腦運算網路、以及物聯網之間的連結關係。本研究首先針對CPS的整合問題，於傳統的資料獲取與監視控制系統 (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition, SCADA)中，加入擴增實境(Augmented Reality, AR)的應用技術，將CPS定義為整合式控制系統。其中，SCADA用以遠距蒐集即時資料以及控制設備與製程，AR則用以疊加與呈現真實世界以及虛擬世界的資訊。
關於系統分析與設計，本研究首先應用物件導向設計(Object-Oriented Design, OOD)建立CPS各種元件之間的關聯性，繼而以設計結構矩陣(Design Structure Matrix, DSM)，建立物件關係矩陣以建構系統的基本架構，進而設計CPS的即時監控系統。;In the third industrial revolution, the digitization and the internet were expanded all over the world to exchange the huge amount of information, integrated manufacturing, services, energy, transportation, electronic product, and so on. As a result, new innovative business models are created. In the new era of Information explosion, we are currently experiencing the fourth Industrial Revolution, which is known as the industry 4.0. In industry 4.0, more and more new business models, technologies, workflows and product development methods; therefore, these changes will be greatly affected business and society.
Cyber Physical System (CPS) which is closely related to Industry 4.0 is increasingly mature. Compare to the previous emphasize integration, the most difference between the machine computing embedded systems is that CPS has strong emphases on each physical device, computer network operation, Internet of Things (IoT) and the connection between them. In this research, we focus on the integration of the CPS. Adding the Augmented Reality (AR) application technology to the Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA), the CPS is defined as an integrated control system. SCADA is a system for remoting real-time data collection and controlling equipment and processes. AR is superimposed to show the real world and the virtual world of information. AR provides a view of the real world relied on superimposed information which has been applied to the virtual world.
About the system analysis and design, this research will apply Object-Oriented Design (OOD) technology to create the correlation between the components, and the framework of the system referring to the concept of Design Structure Matrix (DSM) is evaluated. Based on this, we can design a CPS real-time monitoring system.