English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 69937/69937 (100%)
Visitors : 23334216      Online Users : 315
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version

    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/71844

    Title: 補助政策對電動公車營運成本之影響分析
    Authors: 江孟璋;Chiang,Memg-Chang
    Contributors: 高階主管企管碩士班
    Keywords: 電動公車;營運成本;補助政策;Electric Bus;Subsidy;Operating Cost
    Date: 2016-06-28
    Issue Date: 2016-10-13 13:57:26 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 2013年美國研究統計,空氣污染造成550萬人死亡,且都市中的CO2有40%是由交通工具排放的廢氣所產生。其中柴油公車所排放之微粒及化合物,更是使人類造成肺癌的主要污染物。因此,將柴油公車汰換為電動公車,是世界多數國家交通政策中,主要發展政策。
    經五種情境分析後,電動公車如採用乘車人次數給予補助,每一乘車人次給予2元補助,便可使電動公車營運成本與柴油公車營運成本相當,此方式為本研究中求得之最佳模式。研究中情境二之分析發現,購置補助應針對充電站及充電機補助,對電動公車營運成本能較有效益。;According to the research from the US, about 5.5 million people were death by the cause of air pollution in 2013. The related research also discovered that the exhaust of the bus diesel engine will cause cancers. Many countries have paid the efforts on the subsidy policy that transform the diesel engine bus system to electric bus in order to reduce the air pollution. But electric bus cannot achieve economic of scale when at the beginning of the development stage. The reasons come from the higher cost of purchasing electric bus as well as the operating costs. Under this situation, the government usually has to adopt the subsidy policy to help the private sector for public transportation.
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the operating costs under the assumption of five different government subsidy policies. Our analysis based on the assumptions that include vehicle purchasing subsidy, electricity charging subsidy and passengers ticketing subsidy. Our results show that the optimal policy is adopting the policy of passenger ticketing subsidy. If the government subsidizes the amount of NT$ 2.31 per trip for the passenger, the operating costs to running the electric bus will be the same as to running the diesel engine bus. Furthermore, the results indicate that the subsidy for charging system has better efficiency than the subsidy for purchasing vehicle because of the consideration of vehicle’s depreciation.
    Appears in Collections:[高階主管企管(EMBA)碩士班] 博碩士論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat

    All items in NCUIR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    ::: Copyright National Central University. | 國立中央大學圖書館版權所有 | 收藏本站 | 設為首頁 | 最佳瀏覽畫面: 1024*768 | 建站日期:8-24-2009 :::
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback  - 隱私權政策聲明