本文的實證結果主要有三個發現。首先，失業率上升會使民眾生理健康變差，但對死亡率效果並不明顯。第二，性別差異大，在個人層級的研究中發現男性相較於女性有更多不利於健康的行為，例如抽菸與喝酒。但在面臨景氣不佳的情況時，男性放棄菸酒的比例會高於女性。最後婚姻與教育也是關鍵因素，受過大學以上教育者在失眠、焦慮、沒自信等表現與多數的生理健康項目都較低教育程度者呈現較佳的情況。已婚且和伴侶同居者在生活上較有自信與希望，且有伴侶照顧下多數比未婚者來的健康。 ;Since Brenner(1971) first proposed that human health was pro-cyclical, many studies try to examine the relationship between health and business cycle. But due to the difference of data and methodologies, there′s still no clear conclusions. This study uses the unemployment rate at city/county level as a proxy for business cycle. I utilize both city/county- and individual-level data to measure health indicators. In city/county-level, I use the 2000-2013 death rate from Ministry of Interior and the cause of death collected from Ministry of Health and Welfare. In the individual-level, I use the self-reported health data collected from Survey Research Data Archive (SRDA) covering 1993-2013. There are three main findings. First, the rise in unemployment rate is associated with worse physical health conditions, but is less relevant to death. Second, there are different impacts between male and female. Males tend to have more unhealthy behaviors than females, such as drinking and smoking. But males are more likely to reduce alcohol and cigarette consumption. Third, marriage and education are also key factors. People who had colleague education are less likely to have insomnia, anxiety and are more confident. Married people tend to be more confident and hopeful, and healthier.