|摘要: ||陸樹聲(1509 -1605),字與吉,號平泉,人稱平泉先生,松江華亭人。 陸並不是中晚明標誌性的人物,但他很好的展現了一名中上層士大夫對於時代、 生活與自身的思考。|
陸的林下生活是其閑退思想的進一步實踐與延伸。首先,作為一名德高望重的士大夫,陸在地方必須承擔一定的社會責任,而參與地方公共事務的主持與管理對陸同樣有著許多益處,這也是中晚明地方士人群體的一種常態。陸林下生活中更主要的。分在於悠遊,他的生活中充滿了自由而具有士人審美品味的各種活動。陸在這方面頗有建樹,他的許多理念受到時人與後代的推崇。比如,他是中晚明文人茶的傑出代表與先驅之一。此外,陸崇尚樸實復古的生活理念,他認為慾望是應該被節制與約束的,這種思維也許也與陸樹聲晚年熱衷佛學有所聯繫。;Lu Shusheng (1509 - 1605), his political career began in the middle of the sixteen century. He got a good starpoint for his career as he successfully got the first place in Hui Shi (national government officials selection test). He finally became the minister of the Ministry of Rites. Lu’s political achievement was just on the average level, although it was truly a rather rare success for a person as Lu who came from the plebian class. The most significant feature for Lu’s political career is that during his thirty years political career, the actual time when he was working in the government was less than few years. Most of the time, Lu stayed outside the political environment and insisted to request for retirement. This behavior pattern was exactly the application of his seclusion ideology. Lu’s seclusion ideology was distinct in the middle-late Ming. He chose to exit from the political career which was the opposite direction from most literati and officialdom would prefer in that time. However, his insistance on retiring won him the great reputation among literati group. This research intended to observe how Lu’s seclusion ideology was originated and developed through out his request for early retirement and political activities, and analyse the features of the times from literati and officialdom class’s attitude toward Lu’s ideology.
After Lu retired and went back to his hometown, he also applied his seclusion ideology into his daily life. For example, the way he chose to interact with local government and society was rather subdued. And Lu also combined his ideology with his health preserving activities and daily entertainment. One of the most important activities for Lu’s retirement life was academic related activities. For example, Lu’s ideology might had raised his interests on Buddhism, on reverse, his research on Buddhism reinforced and developed his seclusion ideology.