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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/72942

    Title: 移民二代的認同抵抗與變遷─高屏溪畔滇緬義胞聚落的當代情境
    Authors: 林柏瑋;Lin, Bo-Wei
    Contributors: 客家社會文化研究所
    Keywords: 滇緬義胞;世代;外省;語言;飲食;veterans;generation;Mainlanders;language;diet
    Date: 2017-02-21
    Issue Date: 2017-05-05 17:19:15 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 1961年中國國民黨於國共內戰後,將部分滯留於泰、緬與寮國金三角的中華民國國軍,分批安置於臺灣北、中、南各四個農場,予以墾拓生活。位居於南部的高雄農場,以四個聚落的方式,分別被安置於今高雄市美濃區及屏東縣里港鄉兩個鄉鎮,進而成為當地特殊的滇緬義胞聚落。滇緬游擊軍的顛沛流離生命經驗,造就出其離散的認同取向,而他們的下一代,則是在台灣落腳後,隨環境結構的變化下,進行一場認同的抵抗,進而促成轉變,發展其認同的社會定位。
    本研究以高屏地區滇緬義胞二代為主體,藉由參與觀察與深度訪談方式,選取19位受訪者,從其個人成長背景經驗中,分析與討論其認同的形構、抵抗與變遷。理論上以Richard Jenkins(2006〔1996〕) 的社會類別化(social categorisation)及群體認同化(group identification)理論作為分析主軸,佐以離散(diaspora)及族群理論,討論二代認同形塑的多重因子,以解釋二代如何從歷史背景經驗中去理解自己?如何藉由自我與外在環境的對話,在社會類別中反思與抵抗?如在日常文化實作中反饋認同意識,最後塑造出「雲南」的集體意象,作為群體認同的對外宣稱?
    研究發現滇緬義胞二代經由離散記憶的世代差異、社會類別與認同之抵抗協商、文化實作的意義反饋、社會情境觸發群體認同化,致使滇緬義胞二代之認同產生抵抗與轉變。因此,身分認同是持續性且內外辯證的過程,也讓滇緬義胞二代具有創新族裔─「小雲南村」的可能性,發展出新的族裔認同。;This study is about some veterans who retreated from Burma to Taiwan at 1961, and form a particular “Burma Settlement” between Kaohsiung and Pingtung. About these veterans, the discrete experiences form their diaspora identity, but after the retreat, the next generation experienced the different ways of life to live in Taiwan. All the environmental structures arounding the second generation will affect them to resistance for their identity, and thus lead to change.
    So, the study takes the second gerneration as the subject, using their self-narrative to be the material for the research, analyzing how the second generation to create, resistant and change their identity as their subject position. The theory is based on Richard Jenkins′(2006【1996】)“social categorisation” and “group identification” theory as an analysis, and also based on the “Diaspora” and “ethnic groups” theories to discuss the multiple factors of the identity.
    As the results, forming identity is continuous and internal and external dialectical process, and this case is based on: the discrete memory has generation differences, social categories with identity to negotiate and resistant, get the feedback from the meaning of cultural practices, social context triggered group identification, and resulting in the second generation to resistance and change their identity. To form an innovative ethnic - “Yunnan" as their new ethnic identity.
    Appears in Collections:[客家社會文化研究所] 博碩士論文

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