;The complementarity of culture development and policy formulation is an important task because life, culture and policy are closely related. Life facilitates culture development, policies changes the exterior of life, while culture enrich the interior of life, policies formulation and implementation advances life quality.
To revitalize Hakka culture, the Hakka Affairs Council is responsible for promoting Hakka affairs. In addition, according to Article 6 of the Hakka Basic Law, the townships (i.e., towns, cities and districts) where have Hakka population more than one-third of its total population shall be Key Hakka Culture Development Areas. This study takes “2013 Longtan Lake Environmental Planning and Construction Program” project funded by Hakka Affair Council as a study case, to investigate the effectiveness of policies formulation and implementation for local living environment.
In this study, we use (1) literature analysis method, (2) in-depth interview (with MAXQDA 12 qualitative analysis), and (3) aerial photo interpretation, to cross-analyze the arguments and purpose of this study. We expect innovative discovery, and to further examine the effectiveness of the Government in implementing Hakka policies.
The following facts were discovered by referring to literature analysis results:
1) During in-depth-interview, 1. In policies implementation, the most important factor is "people". The other characteristic of Hakka culture has no need to be deliberately described. "People-oriented" is the foundation. Moreover, the construction of Longtan Lake should find the balance between ecology and development. 2. In the assessment of policies, we found that the history of Longtan Lake effect policies formulation; some problems such as more festivals than constructions, bad design and shortage of funds, were observed. Thus the policies implementation should take people’s interests into consideration.
2) From aerial photo interpretation, the differences between before and after construction are: Longtan Lake and people′s lives are closely related since 1978, till year of 2012, and the function of Longtan Lake has been transformed to agricultural irrigation as well as recreation in 2015, funded by Hakka Affair Council, and the design of construction is based on the frequency of local residents’ usage and their activities, to meet people′s needs.
Overall, in Hakka policies executing and assessment, the environmental planning and construction plan of Longtan Lake were indeed in line with the purpose of this project, the assessment results show the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. However, many respondents mentioned the lack of attention for the upstream of Longtan Lake, water quality and ecological problems caused by sewage disposal, and the ignorance of illegal occupation, etc. People expect the Government could take more strict considerations in order to achieve successful outcome.