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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/77136

    Title: 台灣閩客諺語反映的生活態度研究: 以徐福全、黃永達之諺語典為本
    Authors: 陳湘敏;Chen, Siang-Min
    Contributors: 客家語文暨社會科學學系客家研究碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 閩南;客家;諺語;生活態度;Minnan;Hakka;proverb;attitude towards life
    Date: 2018-08-20
    Issue Date: 2018-08-31 13:58:48 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 本文研究材料為近四百年來台灣閩、客族群常用的諺語,以目前所知收錄諺語條數最多、具代表性的諺語典各一為語料來源,閩諺部分為徐福全的《福全台諺語典》,客諺部分為黃永達的《台灣客家俚諺語語典》,希望透過諺語傳達價值、信念的特徵,以較宏觀的視角,對閩、客兩族群的生活態度有較整體的理解及掌握。以這兩本諺語典所收的諺語量,縱不能完全涵蓋該族群所有的諺語,但據以研究所得的結果,應仍可看出兩族群的選擇趨向。
    ;The focus of this study concerns commonly used proverbs in the Taiwan Minnan and Hakka communities in the past four hundred years. We selected two most widely used and representative proverb dictionaries as the source of corpus, namely, the “Fu Chuan Minnan Proverb Dictionary” by Hsu Fu-Chuan and the “Taiwan Hakka Proverb Dictionary” by Huang Yong-Da. Through the analysis of proverbs that convey daily values and beliefs of ordinary people, we aim to compare the attitude toward life of the Minnan and Hakka groups in a more comprehensive way. While the amount of proverbs collected in the two proverb dictionaries do not fully cover all the proverbs of the respective ethnic group, we find it sufficient for the purpose of the current study.

    We draw on and analyze the proverbs that reflect the attitudes of life in the two proverb dictionaries, and divide them into six themes: “food and clothing”, “festivals and customary beliefs”, “health care for the elderly”, “business and living”, “money”, and “politics”. Note that other themes, such as the views of interpersonal relationship, marriage, and life-death destiny, are also closely related to the topic. However, due to the large amount of proverb words involved in those themes, we didn’t include them in the present analysis.

    Our study shows that the proportion of proverb items under each of the six themes is roughly the same between the two ethnic groups. In particular, the items that involve basic physiological needs, human nature, and basic beliefs (e.g., food importance in “food and clothing”, wealth and interpersonal in “money”, working attitude in “business and living”) have a high degree of similarity between the two ethnic groups. The items that are susceptible to the living environment and conditions (e.g., vocation in “business and living”, faith in “festivals and customary beliefs”, getting rich in “money”) reveal somewhat divergent views concerning the facets, and there are very few cases where the views of the two ethnic groups are completely opposite.

    To summarize, in this study we compare the ethnic attitudes and personalities of the Minnan and Hakka groups from the perspective of proverb usage. Our results show that the two ethnic groups have similar attitudes toward life. This is consistent with previous studies in the literature.
    Appears in Collections:[客家研究碩士在職專班] 博碩士論文

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