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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/77335


    Title: 境外生產的影響因素- 台灣電腦產業之研究
    Authors: 黃明煌;Huang, Ming-Huang
    Contributors: 產業經濟研究所在職專班
    Keywords: 境外生產;offshoring
    Date: 2018-06-28
    Issue Date: 2018-08-31 14:33:49 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 摘要
    企業經營的目標,除了維持穩定的獲利外,更希望能長期經營,成為歷久不衰的品牌企業,然而在全球經濟變化快速,景氣趨勢難以明顯預期的情況下,企業在營運的運籌帷幄上,其困難度也與日俱增,企業除了維持既有的生產規模優勢,更需要增加其他關鍵因素,如:廠商規模大小、研發新技術、開拓外銷新市場、增加海外投資及增加勞工產值等等相關因素。因此企業從固有的生產模式上開始有了多元性的調整-境外生產(offshoring)或委外代工(outsourcing),並同時加強企業的領先優勢,然而現在諸多企業已不是一昧的追求低成本的經營模式,在競爭的同時也沒忽略企業本身亦需提昇自我的競爭力。因此本文解析影響境外生產的決定因素時,探討企業在台灣接單,境外生產的三角貿易模式,而針對三角貿易是否有特殊狀況或特定條件下,比較容易發生企業至境外生產,而其影響的因素又有哪些值得討論,並觀察其產生的後續效應。
    本文以台灣的電腦製造業為研究對象,實證結果發現,在廠商的基本特性中,企業有技術銷售、境外投資、外銷比例及勞工產值高,有顯著較高的境外生產(offshoring)機率。而為了更深度瞭解,本研究也增加了企業規模及次產業的比較,發現企業規模大小及次產業的分類也都有不同的影響程度,希望藉此了解其變化關係,期望能為對境外生產(offshoring)議題有興趣的企業或相關人士,提供不同的見解與參考方向。
    關鍵詞:境外生產、三角貿易、電腦製造業;Abstract
    In order to maintain stable profitability, the company′s business objectives are expected to be long-term enterprise, also have successful brand. However, which facing the rapid global economic changes, companies are struggling with operations. Especially after the economic crisis, many central banks have introduced various quantitative easing monetary policies, which deepen the complexity of economic. Therefore, in addition to maintaining the existing production scale advantages, enterprises need to increase their advantage, like size of manufacturers, new technologies, new oversea markets, overseas investment increasing, greater labor productivity and other relevant ones. Strengthen the technology to obtain patents, and then upper the barriers to entry and create new market demands. Therefore, companies began to adjust their production mode —offshoring and outsourcing. This research analyzed the determinants of influence offshoring and OBU model. What are the factors that occurs this condition? We should observe its changes.
    The empirical results of this research is that in the basic characteristics of manufacturers, companies with technical sales, export ratios, overseas investment, and high labor intensity, all with significant effect on offshore production (offshoring). There also have different empirical results for enterprise size and the classification of sub-industries. Hope to know more about offshoring and get more different opinions from experts. The research uses Taiwan′s computer manufacturing data as an example to illustrate, hope to create a complete corporate environment for companies or governments.
    Appears in Collections:[產業經濟研究所碩士在職專班 ] 博碩士論文

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