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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/77992

    Title: 結合建築資訊模型與知識本體建模技術 輔助消防安全設備審查之研究;Building Information Modeling and Ontology Facilitated Fire Safety Equipment Review
    Authors: 彭俞翔;Peng, Yu-Hsiang
    Contributors: 營建管理研究所
    Keywords: 消防安全設備;建築資訊模型;本體論;Fire Safety Equipment;BIM;Ontology
    Date: 2018-07-31
    Issue Date: 2018-08-31 15:07:08 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 歷年來,意外災害所造成的損失除了天然災害以外,最嚴重的是「火災」,政府為了預防火災發生、搶救火災事故及緊急救護行動而訂定了「消防法」,以維護公共安全及確保人民生命財,其中第六條訂定了建築物之消防安全設備必須於申請建造執照時,連同相關附件一併送至消防機關辦理審查,審查通過後方可取得建造執照。而審查之標準是依據法規「各類場所消防安全設備設置標準」,審查過程是以人為方式在進行,而審查主要的項目為傳統的2D平面圖,審查圖說包括的內容有消防圖說平面圖、消防圖說昇位圖及消防圖說斷面圖,其中消防圖說昇位圖及消防圖說斷面圖審查人員必須以3D的思維相互對照圖說位置,若是用基本的2D平面圖再倚靠審查者的經驗與想像來判斷19項消防安全設備容易產生誤判且耗時。我國許多地方政府皆不約而同推動BIM輔助審查建造執照之計畫,其背後發想為「以模型為基底且連結至專案資訊資料庫」的BIM技術做為工具,並建立國內審查建造執照相關法規之環境系統,將BIM工具導入法規環境系統即可得出審查結果。本體論逐漸應用於知識庫領域,本研究建立消防安全設備設置標準之本體模型,透過建築資訊模型及本研究所建立之輔助程式提取模型內的資訊,轉化至本體論模型後再執行推論規則達到自動審查消防安全設備,以提升審查效率。;Over the years, except for natural disasters, “fire” is one of the most serious incidents among accidents that lead to damage. The government has developed the “Fire Service Act” to prevent fire, rescue fire accidents and take actions in emergency rescue, thereby to maintain public safety and assure the life and property of people. In particular, it is stipulated in Article 6 that the fire safety equipment for buildings must be submitted to the fire regulating authorities along with relevant attachment for review when applying for building license. The building license will also be acquired after the passing of review. The review standards are formulated pursuant to “Standard for Installation of Fire Safety Equipment Based on Use and Occupancy.” The review process is implemented by human. The main item of review is conventional 2D floor plan and the drawings for review include fire floor plan, fire plan riser diagram and fire plan cross-section diagram. In particular, the reviewers for fire plan rise diagram and fire plan cross-section diagram must apply 3D thinking to map the positions in the diagram. It will be easy to produce error judgement on the 19 fire safety equipment and is time-consuming if using basic 2D floor plan based on the experience and imagination of the reviewers. Many local governments in Taiwan concurrently promote BIM facilitated review of building license plan. The idea behind the promotion is the adoption of BIM technology from “model based connection to project information data base” as the tool to establish the environment and system for the laws and regulations related to the review of building license in Taiwan, introducing BIM tool into the environment and system of laws and regulations to yield the review results. Ontology is eventually applied to the field of think tank and the study establishes the ontology based on the standards for fire safety equipment establishment. The study transforms the information taken from BIM model facilitated program into the ontology modeling and apply to the ontology established for inference. The study intends to accomplish automatic review of fire safety equipment through inference in order to upgrade the review efficiency.
    Appears in Collections:[營建管理研究所 ] 博碩士論文

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