|Abstract: ||近年來,物質文化作為一門新興的研究學科,漸漸地受到學者的重視。唐傳 奇在以往的研究裡,多集中在政治、社會層面,而忽略了物質文化層面。但若透 過物質文化、消費文化、心理學、行為學及文史互證等研究方法,就可以發現, 唐傳奇研究不再只有情愛、鬼神、俠義和政治四個面向,它有無數延伸的可能。|
作為反映唐代物質的作品,《遊仙窟》讓讀者了解唐代的食、衣、住、樂。 然而,這些物質不單單是唐人的生活所需。它也是唐代消費者的消費能力證明、 青樓招攬客人的工具、娼妓實現自我價值的包裝和狎客尋找心靈慰藉的地方。從 餐桌上的飲食到開宴的政治和社會目的;從娼妓的穿著打扮到唐代女性的穿著潮 流;從青樓建築構造到打造以客為尊的青樓環境;從青樓的娛樂服務到「雅」與 「俗」的平衡和衝突。本文探討的不但是食、衣、住、樂在青樓所扮演的角色, 更要挖掘它們背面所顯露的文化和生活層面。;In the past, as a new research discipline, material culture has gradually received the attention of scholars. People have known this period at the sight of social-politics history, while ignoring the material and cultural aspects at Legends of the Tang Dynasty. And, according to the research of material culture, consumer culture, psychology, behavioral science, we can realize that research is not just love, mystery, chivalry and politics.
As a work reflecting the material of the Tang Dynasty, the readers learned about the food, clothing, living and entertainment of the Tang Dynasty in “You Xian Ku ”. However, behind these material cultures, it is not only the life needs of the people. Bawdyhouse ′s tools to attract guests, prostitute realizes self-worth and the place where people looking for consolation. From the diet on the table to the political to social purpose of the guests; the prostitute′s dress stretches to the trend of the Tang Dynasty; the building structure of the Bawdy house extends to create a nice environment; the entertainment service of the Bawdy house to the conflict and balance between "elegance" and "vulgarity". This paper explores not only the role played by food, clothing, living, and entertainments in the bawdy house, but also the exploration of their culture and life.