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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/80892

    Title: 生技產業廠商存活分析─以科學工業園區的廠商為例
    Authors: 李佳臻;Lee, Chia-Chen
    Contributors: 產業經濟研究所
    Keywords: 生技產業;新竹科學園區;存活度分析;退出風險;資源依賴理論;Biotechnology Industry;Hsinchu Science Park;Survival Analysis;Exit Risk;Resource Dependence Theory
    Date: 2019-07-24
    Issue Date: 2019-09-03 15:14:20 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 本研究嘗試以1985年1月1日至2017年12月31日期間,新竹科學工業園區之所有存在與曾經存在的103家生技產業廠商及總退出的27家生技產業廠商作為研究的對象,進行存活度實證分析。研究結果發現,大型廠商相較於中小型廠商存活機率會比較高,平均存活時間為20.38年,具研發成效廠商相較於不具研發成效廠商存活機率會比較高,平均存活時間為21.95年,附屬廠商相較於獨立廠商存活機率會比較高,平均存活時間為22.12年。總而言之,經濟規模大、具研發成效、以及廠商型態為附屬廠商,則存在較低的退出風險。
    依據研究結果,資源依賴理論的兩項假設無法獲得支持。但是,資源依賴理論強調,組織在所處的環境必須獲得掌控度,降低對環境之依賴性,增強廠商的自主性,而母公司或FDI 為尋求自身或短期的利益。因此,生技廠商若要降低廠商經營風險,必須以自主經營之理念取得資源,以維持更好的存活機率。

    ;This study attempts to empirically analyze the survival of the biotechnology industry in the Hsinchu Science Park, since between 1 January 1985 to 31 December 2017, a total of 103 biotechnology manufacturers, 27 of which have exited. The study found that manufacturers with large economic scales have higher survival rates than those with small and medium-sized economies, and the average survival time is 20.38 years. The survival rate of manufacturers with research and development performance is higher than that of non-research and development companies, and the average survival time is 21.95 years. Affiliates vendors have a higher survival rate than independent vendors, with an average survival time of 22.12 years. In short, the economic scale of biotech manufacturers, research and development results, and vendor types are affiliated vendors, there is a lower risk of exit.
    According to the research results, the resource-dependent hypothesis cannot be supported. However, resource dependence emphasizes that the organization must be in control of its environment, reduce its dependence on the environment, and enhance the autonomy of the manufacturer, while the parent company or FDI seeks its own or short-term benefits. Therefore, if biotech manufacturers want to reduce the risk of business operations, they must obtain resources with the concept of self-management to maintain a better chance of survival.
    Appears in Collections:[產業經濟研究所] 博碩士論文

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