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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/83759


    Title: SBTC對白領勞動者薪資報酬之影響-以臺灣製造業為例
    Authors: 吳承霖;Wu, Cheng-Lin
    Contributors: 產業經濟研究所
    Keywords: 白領勞動者;薪資差距;研發支出
    Date: 2020-08-18
    Issue Date: 2020-09-02 17:03:00 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 本研究的主要目的在於偏向技術性勞動的科技變遷(skill-biased technological change, SBTC)對臺灣製造業中白領勞動者與一般勞動者之薪資差距的影響作進一步的探討。本研究不同於其它文獻的最大特色,是以「臺灣地區人力運用調查」為主要資料,並結合「工廠校正暨營運調查」中產業層級的技術變動及勞動生產力指標,將2007至2017年之年度資料合併。綜合過去文獻所建構之薪資報酬模型與相關變數,設計包含了個人性質與白領特性的薪資結構函數,探討在不同背景下,白領特性對薪資報酬的影響效果。
    由實證結果我們發現白領身份與薪資報酬之間存在正向關係,而再進一步去檢驗白領身份下,研發支出比重與平均每人勞動生產力是否存在更強的加乘效果,結果發現白領勞動者的薪資報酬受到研發支出比重影響最高,也更拉大了白領勞動者與一般勞動者的薪資差距,這與許多過去文獻所支持的論點相同,亦即:偏向技術性勞動的科技變遷(SBTC)會使廠商對白領勞動者給付較高的薪資報酬,也合理的解釋薪資差距擴大的原因。
    ;The main purpose of this thesis is to analyze the impact of skill-biased technological change on wage gap between white-collar workers and general workers in Taiwan’s manufacturing industry. Different from previous studies, this study combines the dataset of Manpower Utilization Survey and Firm Revised Statistics over the 2007-2017 period to conduct the empirical study. Besides, the study also constructs a wage model which included personal characteristics and white-collar variables.
    The results show that white-collar has positive and significant effect on personal wage. The study further examines the role played by R&D and average GDP per person in explaining the wage gap between white-collar workers and general workers, and points out that the R&D is the main influence on explaining the wage gap between white-collar workers and general workers. That is, the skill-biased technological change will cause manufacturers to pay higher wages to white-collar workers, and also reasonably explain the widening wage gap.
    Appears in Collections:[產業經濟研究所] 博碩士論文

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