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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/61399


    Title: 水熱法製備ZnO, AZO 奈米線陣列成長動力學以及性質研究
    Authors: 徐菁鴻;Hsu,Ching-Hung
    Contributors: 化學工程與材料工程學系
    Keywords: 水熱法;氧化鋅;hydrothermal method;ZnO
    Date: 2013-08-27
    Issue Date: 2013-10-08 15:07:29 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 本研究利用射頻磁控濺鍍系統沉積 ZnO:Al (AZO)透明導電薄膜作為晶種層,
    成功的以水熱法製備出一系列長短寬度可調變之純 ZnO 以及 AZO 奈米線陣列,
    利用 SEM、TEM、SAED、XRD、UV-vis 和EDS 針對其晶體結構、表面形貌、
    光電性質和表面潤濕性質進行一系列深入的觀察與分析。
    藉由TEM 和 XRD 分析可以得知本實驗水熱法製備之ZnO 和 AZO 奈米
    線為六方晶系纖鋅礦的單晶結構,且在本實驗之反應溫度65-80 0C 內,奈米線長
    度和反應時間呈線性關係。藉由計算不同反應溫度下的反應速率,ZnO、AZO
    (2%Al) 和 AZO (5%Al) 奈米線陣列的反應活化能可以藉由阿瑞尼士方程式推
    導分別為36.3 ( kJ /mol ) 、49.2 ( kJ / mol ) 和45.2 ( kJ / mol )。濺鍍沉積AZO 薄
    膜和AZO 奈米線薄膜的電阻隨著照射UV 光的時間增加而減少。此外本研究也
    對於ZnO 材料的表面潤濕性質進行探討,且得知ZnO 材料之水接觸角將會隨著
    放置時間的增加而變大。最後將製備完成之親水性 ZnO 與 AZO 奈米線薄膜施
    以真空以及氧氣氛下熱處理,可以達到調控材料表面潤濕性質之目的。
    In this study, large area vertically-aligned ZnO and Al-doped ZnO (AZO)
    nanowires were successfully synthesized by hydrothermal method o glass and Si
    substrates. The morphologies, crystal structures, compositions, properties, and
    growth kinetics of the ZnO and AZO nanowires have been systematically investigated
    by SEM, TEM, SAED, XRD, UV-vis and EDS analyses.
    From TEM and XRD analyses, all the ZnO and AZO nanowires synthesized were
    single crystalline with a hexagonal structure and their growth direction was parallel
    to [0001]. In addition, the lengths of the ZnO and AZO nanowires were found to
    increase linearly with reaction time at 65-80 0C. By measuring the growth rate at
    different reaction temperatures, the activation energies for the linear growth of ZnO,
    AZO (2%Al), and AZO (5%Al) nanowire arrays were derived to be about 36.6, 49.2 and
    45.2 KJ/mol, respectively. The resistances of AZO film and AZO nanowires were
    measured to decrease with the exposure time of UV light. On the other hand, an
    abnormal surface wettability were found in the ZnO-based samples. The water
    contact angles of the ZnO-based tended to increase with increasing the storage days.
    In this study, we also demonstrate the wettability of AZO, and Zno nanowires can be
    modulated by annealing in vacuum and in oxygen atmosphere.
    Appears in Collections:[化學工程與材料工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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