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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/83776

    Title: 著作權法真品平行輸入禁止必要性之探討
    Authors: 楊晴文;Yang, Ching-Wen
    Contributors: 產業經濟研究所在職專班
    Keywords: 著作權法;真品平行輸入;著作權濫用;權利耗盡;Copyright Act;parallel importation;copyright misues;exhaustion principle
    Date: 2020-08-20
    Issue Date: 2020-09-02 17:04:56 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 著作權真品平行輸入長久以來均為熱門討論話題,舉凡自國外輸入書籍、影音光碟,以及附有著作物之商品等均與著作權法真品平行輸入相關。我國著作權法真品平行輸入禁止規定乃按美國要求,而於1993年制定。然而,2013年美國聯邦最高法院Supap Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, inc.案件判決結果出爐後,一改向來採取「國內耗盡原則」之見解,而改採「國際耗盡原則」。我國也出現檢討修正著作權法真品平行輸入禁止規定之聲音。此外,澳洲著作權法最初禁止著作權真品平行輸入,但隨著時間演進,逐步鬆綁著作權真品平行輸入限制。而與我國同樣位處亞洲之新加坡,亦未禁止著作權真品平行輸入。我國智慧財產局就著作權真品平行輸入禁止規範對象為限縮解釋,認為僅有著作本身即為商品主要之用途者,方有著作權真品平行輸入禁止規定之適用。再加上科技進步、人們生活習慣變更等因素,造成著作權真品平行輸入相關法院判決逐年遞減。故認著作權真品平行輸入禁止規定,賦予著作權人市場區隔之權利,無法達到著作權法第1條所規範,保障著作人著作權益、調和社會公共利益及促進國家文化發展之目的,故認應予檢討修正。;Parallel importation has been forbidden under Taiwan’s Copyright Act since 1993, which was based on the negotiation with the U.S government. There are many items protected by the Copyright Act, such as books, music recordings, movies, and the logo affixed to commercial products, etc. According to Item 4, Article 87 of the Taiwan Copyright Act, the copyright owner has the right to decide that who can import the original or any copies of a work to Taiwan. In Supap Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, inc., the supreme court of U.S stated that the copyright owner cannot use the first sale doctrine to prevent parallel imports. In addition to the U.S, parallel importation was not be deemed an infringement of copyright in Australia and Singapore. More than that, with the advance of science and technology, people change their lifestyles. They watch movies or television programs online rather than renting one from stores. They listen to music online rather than buying CD. The cases relating to the violation of Item 4, Article 87 of the Taiwan Copyright Act, have reduced. Restricting the parallel importation by law can not balance the benefits between the copyright owner and the others. Therefore, the Copyright Act of Taiwan relating to the parallel importation shall be amended.
    Appears in Collections:[產業經濟研究所碩士在職專班 ] 博碩士論文

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