|Abstract: ||本研究針對適用於德國巴伐利亞邦的Lambacher Schweizer數學教科書中六至九年級的機率教材，進行量化和質性分析。其中量化分析採取單維彰、許哲毓與陳斐卿（2018）對於機率學前診測之雙向細目表，質性分析採用張芬芬（2010）提出的五個階段模式。|
;This study conducted quantitative analysis and qualitative research of the sixth to ninth grades of the Lambarcher Schweizer series probability textbooks published in the German state of Bayern. Among them, the quantitative analysis adopts Wei-Chang Shann, Che-Yu Hsu, Fei-Ching Chen (2018) for the Two-Way Specification Table of probability pre-school diagnosis, and the qualitative research method adopts the The Five Steps of Qualitative Data Analysis of Chang Fen-Fen (2010) for qualitative research steps.
The quantitative analysis found that German textbooks in grades 6 to 9 all have probability courses, but grade 7 is mainly based on statistics, and the probability is used as a link, so it is rarely mentioned. The distribution types of probabilistic teaching situation problems, subjective probability accounts for 3%, classical probability accounts for 74%, and frequentist probability accounts for 23% in the "probability type" dimension, in which the classical probability is the majority. And in the "probability conceptual level" dimension single event accounts for 79%, complementary event accounts for 4%, independence event accounts for 12%, mutually exclusive event accounts for 5%, in which single event accounted for the majority.
The qualitative research shows that the probability curriculum layout mode of German textbooks is "introduced", "curriculum content" and "exercise" in sequence, and each of the layout steps provides rich and diverse. Then through the six principles by Chang-Hua Chen (2018) for Realistic Mathematics Education (2014), which is based on " Mathematics in Context ". To illustrate the German probability textbooks as a literacy -oriented teaching material design concept.
This study is part of the project of Wei-Chang Shann (2018) " A New Probability Curriculum for the Next National Standards on the Secondary Level", and the provision of probabilistic literacy-oriented textbooks for the 108-curriculum that is just on the road, as a reference resource for future writing of Probability textbooks, curriculum development and teaching on-site teachers.