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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/93481


    Title: 論柏格森《笑》中滑稽的社會作用之變遷;On the changes in the social function of comedy in Bergson′s Laughter
    Authors: 陳宜蓁;Chen, Yi-jen
    Contributors: 哲學研究所
    Keywords: 柏格森;;滑稽;幽默;喜劇;意識;感知;情感;同情;Bergson;laugh;comic;humor;comedy;conscious;perception;affection;sympathy
    Date: 2024-01-17
    Issue Date: 2024-03-05 17:33:04 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 亨利.柏格森(Henri Bergson)的《笑》(Le Rire. Essai sur la signification ducomique,1900)是哲學史上第一部以笑為主題的哲學著作。書中延續了他在先前的著作《時間與自由意志》(Essai sur les données immédiates de la conscience,1889)和《物質與記憶》(Matière et mémoire,1896)中建構之概念體系,提出了一套與人的認知能力和社會性緊密相關的幽默理論。

    然而該理論在面對現代的喜劇與逗笑事物時,會遭遇兩個明顯的問題,其一為柏格森指出之笑的特徵:「笑聲依賴純粹的智性意識,而不能帶有情感」,其二為笑的社會作用:「笑聲是社會群體對於離群個人擺出的制裁式姿態」。以激起情緒、引導觀眾情感為目的之喜劇和逗笑事物,在現在的喜劇與笑話中相當常見,其中笑聲對於被取笑者的姿態比起制裁,更有可能被解釋為一種同情式的姿態。以文學評論家James Wood 所提出的世俗同情式的笑聲為啟發,我們認為柏格森所研究的制裁式笑聲與現代的幽默笑聲有著承先啟後的關係,而可以透過對於柏格森的理論基礎的探究,進一步對柏格森所提出的理論進行擴展。

    本文先後透過Mark Sinclair 和A.R. Lacey 對於柏格森之《笑》的分析,Stephen Crocker、Simon Critchley、Ian Wilkie 與 Natalie Diddamsb 對於《笑》的詮釋和發展,同時透過柏格森在《笑》之前出版的兩部著作中,提出的有關感知與意識、美感與同情等概念,來解釋並延伸柏格森在《笑》中提出的理論。以此在柏格森原先的理論基礎上,解釋現代幽默喜劇如何透過同情作用的加入改變笑的姿態,進而產生兼具智性與情感意識的笑聲。;Henri Bergson′s work Laughter(Le Rire. Essai sur la signification du comique,1900)is the first work on the subject of laughter in the history of philosophy studies. This book continues Bergson’s system that proposed in his previous work Time and Free Will(Essai surles données immédiates de la conscience,1889) and Matter and Memory(Matière et mémoire,1896), create a humor theory closely related to cognitive theory and sociality.

    However, Bergson’s humor theory will meet two notable issue in recent comedies andjokes. One is Bergson describe that “laughter must rely pure intellect conscious, without affection”, the other one is “laughter is social society’s corrective gesture”. In modern’s humor comedies and jokes, it’s common to see works that take the purpose as arousing the audience′s emotions and leading affections, and the gestures in these laughter seems more likely to be describe as a kind of sympathy rather than a corrective punishment. Inspired by the secular sympathetic laughter which proposed by the literary critic James Wood, we believe that the corrective laughter has a connection with the modern humor laughter, thus we can be further expanding Bergson’s humor theory by exploring Bergson′s theoretical basis.

    In this article, we investigates through the analysis of laughter write by Mark Sinclair and A.R. Lacey, the interpretation and extension of the theories in laughter write by Stephen Crocker、Simon Critchley、Ian Wilkie and Natalie Diddamsb, and the concept about perception and consciousness, aesthetic and sympathy from Bergson’s previous works. By searching those articles, we want to describe how sympathy add in modern’s humor comedies and change the gesture of laughter, in order to understand the produce of the laughter that merging consciousness of both intellect and affection.
    Appears in Collections:[哲學研究所] 博碩士論文

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