本論文共分為五章，章節安排如次：第一章是緒論：包括研究動機與目的、研究範圍、文獻回顧與研究方法。以陶社與龍吟詩社詩人作品為核心，透過實地之田野調查蒐集第一手資料，再利用相關歷史文獻(如報紙、期刊、公報、地方志書…等)，選取學術地位和藝術成就較高者，並以不同族群之詩人為取樣，剖析其作品，除彰顯文學特色之外，更希望藉由本研究採擷漢詩人之文本反映相當程度之社會面向。並試圖以呂西安．高德曼（Lucien Goldmann 1913-1970）所創立之文學理論「發生論結構主義」之研究方法進行分析，探討其超越文學、社會學、心理學的思考架構與影響及成就。
;The organization and origin of the Longtan Poetry Societies are closely related to the development of Taiwan community. The methodology of this thesis is based on the research of the organizational development of Hakka Poets’ Society in Longtan village. The contents of this thesis are mainly focused on presenting the community characteristics of the development processes, activities and creative literature writings of the founding poetry societies, i.e., Tao Society and Long-Yin Poetry Society (later renamed the Chu-Sao Poetry Society) in Longtan Hakka village.
This research consolidates both documental materials and interviews linking the theoretical and practical points together. Furthermore, this thesis investigates the cultural impacts on traditional heritage and explores the poetry societies’ (Tao Society and Long-Yin Poetry Society) contributions in promoting poetic appreciations on their literature writings and social observations. Also, this thesis explores the relationship between the intrinsic ideology and the development of social community through the works of Tao Society and Long-Yin Poetry Society.
There are five chapters in this thesis. The first chapter introduces the research motives, purposes and scope, literature review, and research methodologies. The core resources are a collection of first-hand information obtained via fieldwork of the Tao society and Long-Yin Poetry Society, and supplemented using the relevant historical documents (newspapers, periodicals, bulletins, local chronicles, etc.) and interviews from poets with higher academic status and artistic achievements. The interviews encompass many different ethnic groups and include analysis of their works. The sampling of poets includes poets whose poetries have both unique artistic features, and a considerable degree of reflection on society status. The research utilizes the Literature theory “Genetic Structuralism” from Lucien Goldmann (1913-1970) to analyze and to explore the ideological structure, influences and achievements beyond literature, sociology and psychology.
The second chapter is an overview of the local chronicles and historical documentation, coupled with careful fieldwork (excavation of precious documents), to get an overview of the Longtan geographical environment, both historical and cultural. Natural resources play an important prerequisite for the formation of the local cultural environment under different historical periods and economic environments; this thesis observes these effects in the form of its literary heritage and progress to understand the development of the space-time background of traditional literature in Longtan.
The third chapter explores the background of the Tao Society, its naming and organization, its activities, branches, interactive exchanges, the development process, etc. The chapter also includes a review of the meaning of the Tao Society traditional poets’ work.
The fourth chapter explores the background on the founding of Long-Yin Society, its naming and organization, its activities, interactive exchanges, the development process including the merging of the Long-Ying Poetry Society and the Chinese Chu Sao Research Society (known as Chu Sao Poetry Society). This chapter also analyses the meaning of prior chairmen’s works.
The final chapter summarizes the results of this thesis, and proposes suggestions on further study and future prospects.