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|Keywords: ||職業災害;工程發包;安全氣候;勞工安全;Occupational hazards;Construction subcontracting;Safety climate;Labor safety|
|Issue Date: ||2016-10-13 15:24:05 (UTC+8)|
;The construction industry is an industry with high occupational hazards. In the past five years, the occupational injury rates and mortality rates per thousand people of the construction industry are both ranked first as compared with the other industries. Such high rates result from two industry characteristics: high decentralization of contractor’s functions and rapid mobility of construction workers.
Using specialized subcontractors is common in the construction subcontracting system in Taiwan. When the size of a project becomes larger, the number of specialized subcontractors increases accordingly. If more vertical subcontractors (i.e., a contractor having its own subcontractors that further have their subcontractors, iteratively) exist in a project subcontracting hierarchy, managing these subcontractors becomes difficult and challenging and therefore, according to construction practitioners, the project has higher chance to go through construction safety problems on sites. However, some domain experts do not outspeak such a practical phenomenon and current literatures rarely discuss construction safety issues from the viewpoint of subcontracting system. Therefore, the aim of this research is to analyze and explore the connection between construction safety and subcontracting levels with safety climate analysis technique. Safety climate and safety performance have significantly positive correlation; Promoting safety climate can improve unsafe behavior of construction employees and help employees develop sound safety awareness. In this research, a safety climate questionnaire is designed to survey the safety climate for main contractors, subcontractors, and sub-subcontractors from construction sites in northern Taiwan and the collected safety climate questionnaires are statistically analyzed. The analysis result shows that construction safety is related to subcontracting levels in the perspectives of safety staff’s supervising strength and employees’ safety awareness. Finally, recommendations for construction safety management under different subcontracting levels are given according to the analysis result.
|Appears in Collections:||[營建管理研究所 ] 博碩士論文|
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