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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/64351

    Title: 母親/婆婆職場經驗對已婚婦女勞動參與的影響;The Impact of Mother and Mother-in-laws’ Work Experience on Married Women’s Labor Force Participation
    Authors: 謝玫芸;Hsieh,Mei-yun
    Contributors: 人力資源管理研究所
    Keywords: 婦女勞動參與;勞動供給;婦女勞動力;母親職場經驗;婆婆職場經驗;Female labor force participation;Labor supply;Female labor force;Mother’s work experience;Mother-in-law’s work experience
    Date: 2014-06-24
    Issue Date: 2014-08-11 18:10:43 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 目前臺灣社會面臨高齡化與少子化的影響,被扶養人口大幅增加,勞動力人口卻不斷下降,此現象會減少臺灣的勞動供給,影響臺灣的經濟發展。因此,鼓勵女性進入勞動市場,提升勞動供給,成為未來必須的趨勢。但是過去的研究只有探討婦女教育程度、子女年齡、子女數目如何影響婦女勞參率,未有文獻探討父母、公婆的勞參經驗與態度會如何影響下一代婦女勞參率。此種因素在西方社會可能不重要,但在東方社會可能相當重要,不宜忽略。因此本研究的目的在探討母親和婆婆婚後的職場經驗對女兒與媳婦勞動參與的影響,以及她們婚後同住與否對女兒與媳婦勞參率是否有強化效果。

    本研究以便利抽樣的方式發放問卷 1400 份,回收有效問卷 999 份。透過邏輯斯迴歸分析發現母親婚後勞動市場附著度會正向影響女兒勞動參與,婆婆則無顯著影響。但本研究發現婚後與婆婆同住對媳婦勞動參與有正面影響,其影響不在婆婆勞參經驗而是婆婆代為照顧小孩,使媳婦得以參與勞動市場工作。因為臺灣小家庭愈來愈多,政府在訂定提升婦女勞參率的政策時,要推廣托兒措施,以代替婆婆的功能。而未來臺灣婦女勞參率會自動提升,因為現在年輕婦女勞參率都很高,在她們成為母親後,對她們女兒勞參率會有正面的影響。;Due to the aging of Taiwan’s population and the low birth rate, depending population increase rapidly. This phenomenon will affect economic development in Taiwan. Thus, we should
    encourage women enter labor market and then increases labor supply. However, few research work have been conducted on how parents and in-laws’ work experiences or attitudes affect married women’s labor force participation rate. This factor may play an important role in Asian countries. This study attempts to investigate the impact of mother and mother-in-law’s work experience on married women’s labor force participation. Furthermore, it examines the moderating effect of cohabiting with mother or mother-in-law.

    By using the “random sampling” technique we sent out 1400 questionnaires and received 999 usable questionnaires. By using logistic regression analysis, we found that mother’s work experience has a significant and positive impact on daughter’s labor force participation. Therefore, for the next generation, women’s labor force population rate will be higher than this generation, because the labor force population rate of young women of this generation is high. When they become mothers they will provide a good role model for their daughters. It will help labor supply in Taiwan in the future.
    Appears in Collections:[人力資源管理研究所] 博碩士論文

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