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    题名: 探討航空業與替代燃料車輛之永續性議題;Exploring Sustainability Issues of Airline Industry and Alternative Fuel Vehicles
    作者: 陳昇鴻;Chen,Sheng-Hung
    贡献者: 企業管理學系
    关键词: 企業社會責任;決策實驗室分析法;影響權重;多評準決策;替代燃料車輛;航空業;CSR;DEAMTEL;DANP;MCDM;Alternative fuel vehicle;Airlines
    日期: 2016-01-26
    上传时间: 2016-03-17 20:30:01 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: 永續發展已成為各種政策的主要思維,而運輸產業與每個人的生活息息相關,本研究針對航空業與替代燃料車輛分別進行研究,擬訂永續性評估準則,透過專家問卷展開多目標評估。於航空產業中,透過DEMATEL法找出航空產業之永續性作為之相互影響關係,同時透過專家訪談,進一步確認結果於航空業展開企業社會責任之實質意義。而針對替代燃料車輛,本研究透過建構替代燃料車輛評估架構,欲尋找各種替代燃料車輛評估準則的影響程度,故透過DANP(DEMATEL-based ANP)法找出評估準則之重要程度。研究結果顯示不論於航空產業或替代燃料車輛產業,皆有其科技發展上的限制。在航空產業中,受到科技限制的項目為替代燃料與噪音,是目前較不易解決之問題;航空業展開CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility)策略時,首先應著眼於公司治理,制訂理想的CSR策略與願景,並進行跨部門間之溝通,提升企業之永續性;替代燃料車輛於分析後,在考量地區能源之來源的前提下,目前現行之各種替代燃料車輛皆非最理想的選擇,未來則更應針對不同之能源種類車輛,進行生命週期評估,並進一步探討政策補貼可能產生之影響,方能確認具有最佳永續性之能源車輛。;Sustainable development has become major component behind many types of corporate and governmental policies. One component related to this issue, transportation services, and impacts has a far-reaching impact. This research is aimed at individually studying the airline industry and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). Sustainability assessment guidelines will be created. Evaluations will be conducted through interviews with experts. Through using the DEMATEL (Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory) method, the research will focus on how the airline industry is interrelated with sustainable development. Meanwhile, the interviews with experts will also reveal the true nature of the airline industry’s social responsibility. For AFVs, the purpose of the present research is to find out the importance of assessment guidelines of various types of vehicles. Therefore, through the DANP (DEMATEL-based ANP) method, the influential weights of evaluation criteria will be identified. The results show that there are technical limitations for either the airline industry or AFVs. In the airline industry, alternative fuels and noise are technical limitations that cannot be easily resolved. When the airlines employ the strategy of corporate social responsibility (CSR), they should first focus on corporate governance, deciding ideal CSR approaches and visions and improving inter-department communication. After analyzing AFVs and considering the sources of local energy, some types of alternative fuel vehicles currently available are not ideal choices. In the future, a variety of AFVs should be studied and assessed for their life cycle in order to further explore the level of their financial support and to identify the best sustainable fuel vehicles.
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