本文利用問卷調查的方式，針對兩岸大學生綠色教育的成效進行比較研究。結果發現，在高校中開展綠色教育是有一定成效的。具體來說，兩岸的學生在參加過有關環境方面的課程之後，其綠環保行為均有顯著改善。但是，大陸學生的改善更為顯著。同時，性別因素會影響學生環保行為的改善，女生比男生更容易從事環保行為。總體上看，台灣學生的環保行為由於大陸學生。 ;In recent years, sustainable development has become the focus of many government departments, companies, and society concerns. Green behavior is becoming more and more attention. Many researches show that environmental education is essential for green behavior. Environmental education has a profound impact on individual environmental behavior and environmental attitudes.
This paper compares the difference between Taiwan and Mainland China in the effectiveness of environmental education. It was found that, environmental education is effectual in collages. The environmental behavior of cross-strait students who had taken part in environmental class have improved significantly. While, it is more significant for Chinese students. Gender factors can affect the environmental behaviors of students. Girls who have experiences in green education show more green behaviors than boys. The difference between Taiwan and Mainland China students in green behavior is very significant.