家族企業是世界上最古老且普遍的組織型態，支撐許多國家的經濟力量。台灣的家族企業歷史淵源流長，且一直是我國企業主要的經營型態。因此，家族企業接班成功與否，影響社會與經濟甚大。 本研究以台灣六家中小家族企業為調查與訪談對象，透過專家訪談與文獻探勘之方式找出影響台灣家族企業接班之因素，包含四大構面與十七項準則，四大構面分別為家族特殊資產、企業制度、管理能力與人格特質。接著與受訪者進行訪談與填寫問卷，並透過DEMATEL與ANP決策分析方法探討台灣家族企業在接班的過程中，其四大構面之間與十七項準則的相互影響性與發展評估的因素。經專家訪談與統計分析發現，家族特殊資產與企業制度於台灣家族企業在接班具有關鍵性影響，其中又以家族歷史文化與傳統和家族人脈最具影響性。 ;Family business is the oldest and most common type of organization around the world, they support the economic landscape in many countries. The Family business has a long history and has been a major operating patterns in Taiwan. Therefore , the succession of family business is closely related to social and economic. Family business succession has become an important issue. The research is investigating and interviewing for six small and medium enterprises in Taiwan cooperation, by using the DEMATEL(Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory) Method and ANP to analysis the elements of successor. The study aimed to find out the impact factor on the family business successor through the investigating process. The research focuses on four major dimensions and seventeen criterions to analysis of key elements for successor, including Special family assets or resources, Enterprise system, Management ability and Personality traits. The results show that the Special family assets or resources and the Enterprise system are the greatest impact. Among them, the most affecting factors are family connection, also family history, culture and tradition.