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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/72584


    Title: 在SAP-APO架構下發展一個考量有害物質之生產計劃方法
    Authors: 陳亭妤;Chen, Ting-Yu
    Contributors: 企業管理學系
    Keywords: 有害物質;SAP-APO;規則式專家系統;hazardous substances;SAP-APO;Rule-based expert systems
    Date: 2016-12-08
    Issue Date: 2017-01-23 16:14:53 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 在全球運籌發展以及近年來環保意識高漲,歐盟官方規定,任何出貨至歐盟市場的電器及電子設備所含六種有害物質不得超過限制,而在全球運籌上被廣泛運用的 SAP 所發展的 APO 模組卻依舊以降低營運成本、公司利益最大化為主要考量,未將環保指令上規範納入規劃的考量當中。
    本研究以任何出貨至歐盟市場之電子產業營運計劃為觀點,其中各元件供應商與生產工廠,在元件有害物質含量下皆有所差異,本研究提出一組以因應有害物質含量限制之求解步驟,藉由建立規則來形成不同的可行組合,以簡化多階層之計劃組合,文中第四章以數值驗證來探討此一方法的計算可行性,並與未含有有害物質含量限制之計算所求得之結果比較總花費成本之間的差異,其中因本研究所建立之解決方法包含不同種組合結果,並可同時考量到總生產成本與訂單延遲成本,所得之結果優於僅考量生產成本。而後與總花費成本最低下且產品有害物質含量符合限制,比較差異,本研究所需比較之組合將依物料清單階層之不同而有所差異,將以二之次方計算,但最佳化則需將所有組合全部計算過後再進行比較,本研究之比較次數大幅低於最佳化解,而求得之總花費成本僅差異百分之五,以得到本研究之解決方法優異之處。
    本研究所提出之解決方法,規劃範圍考量對於有害物質含量影響最大之生產製造階段,未來如能納入配銷階段,考量運送至不同地區之限制範圍,將能使供應鏈計畫更加完善。
    ;In recent years, the global logistics development and the awareness of environmental have become increased. The pollution of electronic product to people is more serious. The EU set up some regulations that any products shipment to their market should comply with this. The regulation descripts that the content of six hazardous substances should not exceed the limit. However, the popular system SAP-APO still use the target of reducing operating costs and focus the company interests exclude the environmental directives.
    The view of this research is the plan of operating that electronics industry trading with EU. There are lots of different with any components. This research proposes a solution by setting up rule to reduce combination of result. Chapter four use value to verification the feasibility of the solution and compare with other method to obtain the advantage of this research and compare with other case which is the best solution. Following the result of the case, we can find that the research proposes method can reduce the counts of calculation and only increase five percentage of total cost.
    The scope of this research only consider the production. If we can consider more issue that we can let the supply chain more perfect.
    Appears in Collections:[企業管理研究所] 博碩士論文

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