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    题名: 社會新鮮人赴東協國家就業意願與特性研究;The Willingness and Characteristics of the Freshmen Going to the ASEAN Countries
    作者: 陳湘蓁;Chen, Xiang-Zhen
    贡献者: 人力資源管理研究所
    关键词: 東協國家;就業意願;社會新鮮人;文化智商;成就動機;國際無疆界職涯;國家經濟發展程度;政治風險;文化差異;核心自我評價
    日期: 2019-07-05
    上传时间: 2019-09-03 12:05:46 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: 面對東協國家(印尼、馬來西亞、菲律賓、新加坡、泰國、汶萊、越南、寮國、緬甸和柬埔寨)近年來經濟快速發展,加上我國政府在2016年提出新南向政策,國人朝東南亞發展的趨勢日漸提高,另一方面,許多台灣的年輕世代也看到國內經濟不景氣的情形,前往海外就業的人口也有年輕化的趨勢,在這樣的背景下,年輕人前往東協國家就業的意願是否也更加強烈?是什麼樣的因素會影響台會新鮮人前往東協國家就業是本文主要探討的研究目的。本研究以個人因素(文化智商、成就動機、國際無疆界職涯)和環境因素(國家經濟發展程度、政治風險、文化差異)探討社會新鮮人赴東協就業的意願,並以核心自我評價作為調節變項,探討各因素和東協就業意願間的調節效果。
    本研究以問卷發放的方式對台灣的社會新鮮人做調查,共回收427份問卷,最後有效樣本共320份,研究結果發現:(一)社會新鮮人的文化智商愈高,赴東協國家就業意願愈強。(二)社會新鮮人的成就動機愈高,赴東協國家就業意願愈強。(三)社會新鮮人的國際無疆界職涯態度愈強烈,赴東協國家就業意願愈強。(四)社會新鮮人認為東協國家相較台灣經濟發展潛力愈大,赴東協國家就業意願愈強。(五)社會新鮮人認為東協國家政治風險愈高,赴東協國家就業意願愈弱。(六)社會新鮮人認為台灣與東協國家文化差異愈大,赴東協國家就業意願愈弱。(七)社會新鮮人的核心自我評價對文化智商與至東協國家就業意願之間有正向調節效果。
    ;Facing the rapid economic development of the ASEAN (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Cambodia), and the government proposed the New Southbound Policy in 2016, the trend of the development of Taiwanese toward Southeast Asia is increasing. On the other hand, many younger generations in Taiwan have also seen the domestic economic downturn, and the population going overseas to work has also become younger. In this background, is the willingness of freshmen to work in ASEAN to be stronger? What kind of factors will affect the Taiwanese freshmen’s willingness to go to the ASEAN for employment is the main purpose of this paper. This study explores the willingness of freshmen to go to ASEAN through personal factors (cultural intelligence, achievement motivation, boundary global careers) and environmental factors (national economic development, political risk, cultural differences), and takes the core self-evaluation as moderator to explore the effects of various factors and the ASEAN′s employment willingness.
    In this study, a questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate the freshmen in Taiwan. 427 questionnaires were collected and had 320 valid samples. The results of the study found that: (1) The higher the cultural intelligence of the freshmen, the stronger the willingness to work in the ASEAN. (2) The higher the achievement motivation of the freshmen, the stronger the willingness to work in the ASEAN. (3) The stronger the attitude of the boundary global careers, the stronger the willingness to work in the ASEAN. (4) Freshmen thinks that the greater the potential of the ASEAN compared to Taiwan′s economic development, the stronger their willingness to work in the ASEAN. (5) Freshmen thinks that the higher the political risk of the ASEAN, the weaker their willingness to work in the ASEAN. (6) Freshmen thinks that the greater the cultural differences between Taiwan and the ASEAN, the weaker the willingness to work in the ASEAN countries. (7) The core self-evaluation of the freshmen has a positive adjustment effect on the cultural intelligence and the employment willingness in the ASEAN.
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